Character Frequency: Russian (Русский)
Below you can see a table showing the frequencies of letters, as they occur in the Russian language. This list was created with the character counter, which is integrated in the WordCreator. Basis of this list were some Russian texts with together 1.351.370 characters (210.844 words), 1.086.255 characters were used for the counting. The texts consist of a good mix of different literary genres. Of course, if other texts were used as a basis, the result would be slightly different.
The list may only be used together with the publishing of the internet adress stefantrost.de and the prior consent of Stefan Trost (contact).
The left list is sorted according to the letters, the right list in accordance with the frequency of the letters. Accordingly, the letters О, Е and А are the most common letters in the Russian language.
The list may only be used together with the publishing of the internet adress stefantrost.de and the prior consent of Stefan Trost (contact). If you need additional lists, for example in a different sorting or on the basis of another source, we can provide this list for only five euros. Simply write to us.
The Russian Alphabet
In the following table, you can see the letters from the Cyrillic Alphabet, which is used by the Russian language. In the first column, you can see the capital letters, in the next columns the lower case letters and the pronunciation of the characters. In the last column, you can see the scientific transliteration, which is used whenever a Cyrillic text is transferred into Latin letters. Differing from the scientific transliteration, sometimes other letters are used in German and English for an inscription. If there should be other rules in the so-called transcription in German (de) or English (en) than those of the scientific transliteration, these other transcription rules are written in brackets behind the scientific transliteration rule. Otherwise, if there is no rule in brackets, the scientific transliteration is used for the language specific transcription. The shown transliteration as well as the English and German transcription can be done with the software Text Converter automatically. Further information, you can read on the page Transcriptions.
|В||в||W||V (de: W)|
|Е||е||E||E (E; de: JE; en: YE)1|
|Ё||ё||JO||Ё (de: JO, O; en: E, YO)2|
|Ж||ж||SCH||Ž (de: SCH; en: ZH)|
|З||з||S||Z (de: S)|
|Й||й||J||J (en: Y)|
|К||к||K||K (de: X instead of KS)|
|Х||х||CH||CH (en: KH)|
|Ц||ц||Z||C (de: Z; en: TS)|
|Ч||ч||TSCH||Č (de: TSCH; en: CH)|
|Ш||ш||SCH||Š (de: SCH; en: SH)|
|Щ||щ||SCHTSCH||Š (de: SCHTSCH; en: SHCH)|
|Ъ||ъ||Hard Sign||no pron. / transl.|
|Ь||ь||Soft Sign||no pron. / transl.3|
|Э||э||E||Ė (de: E; en: E)|
|Ю||ю||JU||JU (en: YU)|
|Я||я||JA||JA (en: YA)|
Altogether, the Cyrillic alphabet knows 32 letters which partly correspond to the appearance of the letters from the Latin and Greek alphabet. However, the pronunciations can differ from the Latin and Greek characters.
If you want to learn the Cyrillic alphabet, you can use the AnswerCoach. More information, you get on this page.
1 Only after Cyrillic vowels, at the word beginning and after the soft sign Ь, JE/YE is used, otherwise E is used.
2 Only after Cyrillic vowels, at the word beginning, after consonants and after the soft sign Ь, JO/YE is used. After the Cyrillic characters Ж (SCH), Ч (TSCH), Ш (SCH) and Щ (SCHTSCH) the letter O is used.
3 Generally, Ь is not translated, in exceptions J (de) and Y (en) can be used nevertheless.
Convert Cyrillic to Latin
To convert a text consisting of Cyrillic letters to Latin letters or vice versa, you can use the software Text Converter. The shown transliteration and the English and German transcription is supported by this program, so that you can immediately start with your transliterations and transcriptions. You can read further information and an explanation of the procedure on the page Transcriptions.