WordCreator

Alphabet and Character Frequency: Russian (Русский)

On this page you will find tables containing the frequencies of letters in the Russian language as well as information on the Russian alphabet (the letters used in the Russian language).

The list may only be used together with the internet adress sttmedia.com and the prior consent of Stefan Trost (contact).

Letter Frequencies of the language Russian

Below you can see a table showing the frequencies of letters, as they occur in the Russian language. This list was created with the character counter, which is integrated in the WordCreator. Basis of this list was a Russian text with 1,351,370 characters (210,844 words), 1,086,255 characters were used for the counting. The text consists of a good mix of different literary genres. Of course, if another text was used as a basis, the result would be slightly different.

The first list is sorted alphabetically according to the letters, the second list by the frequencies of the letters. Accordingly, the letters О, Е and А are the most frequent letters in the Russian language.

LetterFrequency
А7.64 %
Б2.01 %
В4.38 %
Г1.72 %
Д3.09 %
Е8.75 %
Ё0.20 %
Ж1.01 %
З1.48 %
И7.09 %
Й1.21 %
К3.30 %
Л4.96 %
М3.17 %
Н6.78 %
О11.18 %
П2.47 %
Р4.23 %
С4.97 %
Т6.09 %
У2.22 %
Ф0.21 %
Х0.95 %
Ц0.39 %
Ч1.40 %
Ш0.72 %
Щ0.30 %
Ъ0.02 %
Ы2.36 %
Ь1.84 %
Э0.36 %
Ю0.47 %
Я1.96 %
LetterFrequency
О11.18 %
Е8.75 %
А7.64 %
И7.09 %
Н6.78 %
Т6.09 %
С4.97 %
Л4.96 %
В4.38 %
Р4.23 %
К3.30 %
М3.17 %
Д3.09 %
П2.47 %
Ы2.36 %
У2.22 %
Б2.01 %
Я1.96 %
Ь1.84 %
Г1.72 %
З1.48 %
Ч1.40 %
Й1.21 %
Ж1.01 %
Х0.95 %
Ш0.72 %
Ю0.47 %
Ц0.39 %
Э0.36 %
Щ0.30 %
Ф0.21 %
Ё0.20 %
Ъ0.02 %
 

Lists of Russian syllable frequencies can be found here.

Usage Note

The list may only be used together with the internet adress sttmedia.com and the prior consent of Stefan Trost (contact). If you need additional lists, for example in a different sorting or on the basis of another source, we can provide this list for only five euros. Simply write to us.

The Russian Alphabet

The following table shows the letters from the Cyrillic alphabet used in Russian. The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters. The Cyrillic letters partly correspond to the look of the letters from the Latin and the Greek alphabet, but the pronunciation can differ from the Latin and Greek letters.

In the first column you can see the capital letters, followed by the lowercase letters and the pronunciations of the letters. The last column contains the scientific transliteration used when rewriting a Cyrillic text into Latin letters. Differing from the scientific transliteration, sometimes other letters are used in German and English for an transcription. If there are differences in the German (de) or the English (en) transcription, the corresponding rules deviating from the scientific transliteration are specified in brackets after the scientific transliteration rule. If nothing is noted, the German and English transcription is equal to the scientific transliteration.

The shown transliteration as well as the English and German transcription can be created with the software Text Converter automatically for arbitrary texts. Further information, you get on the page Transcriptions.

UppercaseLowercasePronunciationTransliteration
АаAA
БбBB
ВвWV (de: W)
ГгGG
ДдDD
ЕеEE (E; de: JE; en: YE) ¹
ЁёJOЁ (de: JO, O; en: E, YO) ²
ЖжSCHŽ (de: SCH; en: ZH)
ЗзSZ (de: S)
ИиII
ЙйJJ (en: Y)
КкKK (de: X instead of KS)
ЛлLL
МмMM
НнNN
ОоOO
ПпPP
РрRR
СсSS
ТтTT
УуUU
ФфFF
ХхCHCH (en: KH)
ЦцZC (de: Z; en: TS)
ЧчTSCHČ (de: TSCH; en: CH)
ШшSCHŠ (de: SCH; en: SH)
ЩщSCHTSCHŠ (de: SCHTSCH; en: SHCH)
ЪъHard Signkeine Aussprache / Transliteration
ЫыYY
ЬьSoft Signkeine Aussprache / Transliteration ³
ЭэEĖ (de: E; en: E)
ЮюJUJU (en: YU)
ЯяJAJA (en: YA)

If you want to learn the Cyrillic alphabet, you can use the AnswerCoach. More information, you can read on this page.

Remarks

¹ Only after Cyrillic vowels, at the beginning of words and after the soft sign Ь JE / YE is used, otherwise E is used.

² Only after Cyrillic vowels, at the beginning of words, after consonants and after the soft sign Ь, JO / YE is used. After the Cyrillic characters Ж (SCH), Ч (TSCH), Ш (SCH) and Щ (SCHTSCH) the letter O is used.

³ Generally, Ь is not translated, in exceptional cases J (de) and Y (en) can be used nevertheless.

Convert Cyrillic to Latin

To rewrite a text consisting of Cyrillic letters to Latin letters (or vice versa), you can use the software Text Converter. By default, this program supports all the transcriptions shown here, so you can do the conversion immediately with just one click. See the transcriptions page for more information and instructions for the transcription.